Research Proposal Format Example

Research Proposal Format Example

An outstanding research proposal should detail your knowledge on a topic and show your eagerness to conduct research. Here is a Research Proposal Format Example

Research Proposal Format Example

  • Introduction 

This is the early pitch of the research project. It precisely describes what you want to do. Your readers should understand your research and share your enthusiasm for the topic and the potential results on reading the introduction. Normally, research proposal introductions should be two to four paragraphs long. This section introduces your topic, gives a brief background, defines the research problem, highlights the relationship between the topic and research problem, states the method used to analyze the research problem, and the importance/significance of your study. Keep in mind that these should be succinct.

  1. How to Write the Background and significance

This section extensively details why your proposal is important and its aims. In some instances, it part of the introduction, and in others, it is a separate section on its own. Your readers do not know about the research problem as you do. This is the section to highlight the pertinent aims of your research. To do so, you should: 

How to Write the Background and significance

  • State and explain the research problem. Go into more detail than you did in the introduction

  • Provide the grounds of your proposed study and why it is worth conducting

  • Explain the main problems to be conducted in your research

  • Detail the methods you plan to use to conduct the research

  • Describe the boundaries of the proposed research.

  • If necessary, define terms and key concepts

  • Literature review

A literature review serves as the foundation of your research by demonstrating to the readers that your research is backed by existing knowledge. This section requires you to review and synthesize previous studies related to your topic and specifically your research problem. Since the literature review is information-heavy, it is important to structure it correctly to help the reader understand the key concepts and follow the contents with ease. You can choose to arrange your literature review conceptually, systemically, or chronologically. To effectively write an outstanding review, consider the following:

What a literature review of a Research proposal Should have

  • Cite – the appropriate literature to keep it focused on the research problem.
  • Compare – various theories, arguments, concepts, and findings in the literature review.
  • Contrast – highlight and explain major areas of disagreement among scholars.
  • Critique- the literature by looking at what (and why different) approaches, findings, and methodologies are most reliable and persuasive.
  • Connect – the literature to your own areas of research and how your research contributes to your field.

Research Proposal Format Example

Research design and methods in a Research Proposal

The research design and methods should be directly tied to your study’s aims. Special attention should be paid when writing this section. This is because you have not done your research yet, but you are convincing your readers your study research design and analysis methods are appropriate to address the research problem. Be as specific as possible in explaining the methodological approaches you plan to obtain information. You should also describe how you will analyze data, how you will test for validity, expected potential barriers, and how you will address them.

  • Implications – What to Include

Depending on the study’s objectives, indicate the implications of your research on the future of scholarly research, theory, and practice. Highlight how your research will advance, refine, or revise existing knowledge in your area of study. Do not delve into idle speculations and opinions. The objective here is to consider the gaps in the current literature and how your study positively contributes to understanding your research problem.

  • Conclusion – Research Proposal Conclusion

Reiterate your proposal’s significance and provide a brief and concise summary of the entire document. It should be one or two paragraphs long. After reading this section, the reader should understand the study’s aims, the study’s specific purpose, research design and methods and rationale, implications of your research, and if the study is relevant to the research problems.

  • Citations – Research proposal citations in APA

As in all scholarly pieces, you must list the sources you have used. This section can either include references or bibliographies. References list only the literature used in your proposal, and bibliographies list everything used in writing your proposal with extra citations to key sources. Consult your professor on which one is preferred for your proposal.

Research Proposal Format Example

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